The Professional’s Guide: Inside the Process of Non-stick Coating on Carbon Steel Bakeware

Written by : Tiffany Lai
Tiffany Lai

Tiffany Lai

Co-founder and Key Account Manager at Bonray Bakeware

Table of Contents

The Professional’s Guide: Inside the Process of Non-stick Coating on Carbon Steel Bakeware

Bakeware is an essential component of every kitchen, professional or otherwise. With the vast variety available, carbon steel bakeware with non-stick coating stands out for its durability and easy-use feature. But have you ever thought about why your carbon steel baking doesn’t stick? Or why your cookies slide off the tray so smoothly? Have you ever wondered about the process that imparts this non-stick property to your favorite baking pans?

Putting a non-stick layer on carbon steel baking equipment is a cool mix of science and engineering. It involves many steps and if done right, makes your baking tools super durable and great to use. The main material is carbon steel, which is known for heating up evenly and lasting a long time. The non-stick layer, often made from a material like PTFE, by preventing food from sticking. This means you don’t need to use as much oil or fat, and it’s easier to clean up after.

We’ve just scratched the surface on how your non-stick baking tools work. There’s a lot more to learn about the process. Keep reading to find out more details and you’ll start to really appreciate these handy kitchen items.

Why Carbon Steel Bakeware? And What Role Does Non-Stick Coating Play?

Baking pros love using carbon steel bakeware because it can heat up quickly and spread the heat evenly. This helps to bake food perfectly. Carbon steel pans are typically less expensive than other high-end bakeware like copper or stainless steel. Carbon steel pans are very durable and resistant to warping. They can last for years with proper care. But, carbon steel bakeware has one problem – food tends to stick to it. This is where the non-stick coating helps. It stops food from sticking, so your cakes or cookies come out easily, and it’s simpler to clean the pan afterwards.

What is Non-Stick Coating Made Of?

1. The Importance of Non-stick Coating

Non-stick coatings on baking and cooking pans are super useful. They keep food from sticking, which can lead to burning and make cleaning a big job. For dishes like eggs, pancakes, or fish, non-stick pans are a must to make sure food comes off easily. Plus, they let you cook with little or no oil, which is healthier. Over time, these coatings have gotten stronger and last longer. But, you still need to be careful with them to avoid scratches that can damage the coating. While non-stick pans are great, they’re not good for everything, like cooking at very high heat. So, knowing how to use and care for them properly is important to make the most of them. All in all, if you use them right, non-stick pans make cooking and baking easier and less of a hassle.

2. Different Types of Non-stick Coating

It is a type of plastic known for its slick, non-stick properties. It’s most recognized as the substance used to create non-stick coatings for cookware, such as frying pans and baking trays.

PTFE has a high melting point, which means it can withstand the heat of cooking without breaking down easily. It’s also chemically inert, meaning it doesn’t react with the food you’re cooking or the dishwasher detergent you’re cleaning with.

Ceramic is a newer non-stick technology in cookware that is touted as being toxin-free. They are often free of PTFE and PFOA (Perfluorooctanoic acid), providing a more environmentally friendly option. However, ceramic-coated pans might not be as durable as PTFE-coated ones and may require more careful handling to maintain their non-stick surface.

Silicone provides a non-stick surface and is used primarily in bakeware. It can withstand high temperatures and is also dishwasher safe. It’s a flexible material, which makes it ideal for certain types of molds.

  • Seasoned Cast Iron or Carbon Steel

A well-seasoned cast iron or carbon steel pan can be very non-stick. ‘Seasoning’ refers to the process of baking oil onto the pan to create a natural non-stick surface. These types of pans are highly durable and can last for generations, but they do require a bit more care and maintenance compared to other types of non-stick cookware.

  • Hard-Anodized Aluminum

This type of cookware is made from aluminum that’s been treated to be harder, more durable, and more resistant to corrosion. It has good non-stick properties and conducts heat well.

The Science Behind Non-stick Coating

The non-stick properties of specialized cookware coatings rely on some interesting science and chemistry. One of the most common is polytetrafluoroethylene, better known as Teflon. Teflon relies on the chemical inertness of fluoropolymer bonds. The carbon-fluorine bonds create an extremely smooth, hydrophobic surface. Water, oil, and other cooking ingredients simply cannot adhere well to the slipperiness of these fluorinated molecules.

Ceramic non-stick coatings work differently. Tiny pores and increased surface area at a microscopic level help prevent food from sticking. The porous ceramic structure minimizes contact between the food and pan surface. Materials like silicone, anodized aluminum, and enameled surfaces also increase smoothness and decrease friction.

While the science varies between coating types, in general non-stick properties arise from:

  • Chemical inertness – Slippery polymer bonds prevent adhesion
  • Increased hydrophobicity – Repelling oil or water
  • Reduced surface contact – Tiny pores or roughness minimize touch points
  • Smoothness – Decreased friction so food slides right off

Understanding the science empowers cooks to choose the right non-stick coating for their needs. Proper use will maximize the non-stick lifespan. And knowing how non-stick works allows troubleshooting issues if food does happen to stick!

What’s the Process of Applying Non-stick Coating on Carbon Steel Bakeware

  1. Surface Preparation – The carbon steel surface needs to be cleaned thoroughly to remove any oil, grease, dust, or impurities. This is often done with an abrasive pad or chemical degreaser.
  1. Priming – A primer, usually a ceramic material, is sprayed onto the surface of the carbon steel bakeware. This helps the non-stick coating stick to the steel properly.
  1. Curing – Once the primer is applied, the baking pans are placed in a large oven to bake and cure the primer, hardening it onto the metal and prepares for the non-stick coating.

  1. Coating Application – Using a spray coating machine, the liquid non-stick coating like PTFE is evenly dispersed onto the primed bakeware. Several thin layers are applied to build up the non-stick surface.
a professional worker doing nonstick coating spraying in the metal baking products factory
  1. Final Curing – Finally, the bakeware is heated once more in a large oven to cure the non-stick coating. This helps it adhere to the primer and hardens it, creating a durable, non-stick surface.
  1. Cooling – After the final coating layer, the pans are cooled down slowly and carefully to prevent damage to the fresh coating.

  1. Inspection – The non-stick surface is inspected for any defects and tested for durability. This ensures quality control.
  1. Packaging – Once approved, the non-stick coated bakeware is packaged and ready for shipping to customers.

How to Care for Non-Stick Carbon Steel Bakeware?

How can you extend the life of your non-stick carbon steel bakeware? What are some tips for proper maintenance?

Caring for your non-stick carbon steel bakeware properly can significantly extend its lifespan.

  1. Avoid Metal Utensils: Metal can scratch the non-stick surface. Opt for silicone, wooden, or plastic utensils instead.
  2. Hand Wash: While some non-stick bakeware is dishwasher safe, hand washing is usually the safest bet to protect the coating.
  3. Use Gentle Cleaners: Avoid abrasive cleaners that can scratch or damage the non-stick surface.
  4. Cool Before Cleaning: Allow the bakeware to cool completely before cleaning to prevent warping.


Understanding how things like non-stick coating on bakeware are made helps businesses make smarter choices. Knowing more about the products you buy can help you get better deals, give good info to your customers, and pick items that fit your needs. Plus, it helps you appreciate the value of what you’re buying. So, next time you’re shopping for non-stick baking pans, remember what goes into making them. How will this new knowledge help you make better decisions for your business?


  1. Does the non-stick coating on carbon steel bakeware have any disadvantages?

One potential disadvantage is that non-stick coatings may eventually wear down with use over time, particularly if used with metal utensils. It may also be damaged by high temperatures, so low to medium heat is often recommended.

  1. How does the non-stick coating process impact the cost of carbon steel bakeware?

The process of applying a non-stick coating does add to the overall cost of the bakeware due to the materials used and the additional manufacturing steps. However, the benefits it offers often outweigh the slight increase in cost.

  1. What innovations have occurred in non-stick coatings for carbon steel bakeware?

There have been several developments in non-stick technology. Innovations include more durable and heat-resistant coatings, coatings that allow for better heat transfer, and even self-repairing coatings. Eco-friendly non-stick coatings have also been developed to respond to environmental concerns.

  1. How can potential customers ascertain the quality of non-stick carbon steel bakeware?

Usually conduct factory audits can demonstrate their manufacturing capabilities and quality control processes. Also providing samples for customers to evaluate the quality of the non-stick carbon steel bakeware before bulk purchasing.

  1. What steps does Bonray take to ensure the durability of its non-stick carbon steel bakeware?

We use high-quality materials and advanced manufacturing techniques. Our non-stick coatings are applied meticulously to ensure a strong bond with the carbon steel. We also conduct rigorous testing to ensure our bakeware stands up to repeated use.

Refer to this passage to see Bonray’s inspection for non-stick coating:

  1. Can non-stick carbon steel bakeware be used in a dishwasher?

While non-stick bakeware is dishwasher safe, to prolong the life of the non-stick coating, we generally recommend hand washing with mild soap and a soft sponge.

  1. How does Bonray handle customization requests for non-stick coated carbon steel bakeware?

We have a professional R&D team at Bonray that works closely with clients to understand their specific requirements and customizations. Whether it’s a unique shape, size, or a specific type of non-stick coating, we strive to meet our customers’ needs. Customized bakeware can help our clients win the market and stand out quickly!

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